Treating Pelvic Varicose Veins

uti pain sitting on bed in bedroom Varicose veins can be an unsightly problem for many people. In most instances, varicose veins present themselves on the legs of those who suffer from them. Many treatments help patients deal with varicose veins in their legs, so finding varicose veins in unusual places, such as the pelvis can be unsettling.

While it may seem like pelvic varicose veins are challenging to treat, Suffolk Vein and Vascular has strategies to help address the issue to help you look and feel your best. Here are a few causes for pelvic varicose veins and how we can treat them.

Causes of Pelvic Varicose Veins

Pelvic varicose veins come as a surprise to many people and have several causes. One of the common reasons that pelvic varicose veins present themselves is from being overweight. Rapid weight gain can create additional pressure on the veins that surround the pelvis. The extra stress causes blood to pool in the veins, expanding and weakening the venous walls. After this, the enlarged veins become visible underneath the skin, presenting as pelvic varicose veins.

Another factor that can cause pelvic varicose veins is pregnancy. 

Pelvic varicose veins can present themselves during pregnancy for several reasons. Among the most common are the rapid weight gain and hormonal changes that expected mothers experience while carrying their unborn babies. Also, pregnant women can develop varicose veins from increased blood flow and additional pressure on the body’s most prominent vein, the inferior vena cava (IFC).

Other cases of pelvic varicose veins include genetics, prolonged sitting, and repeated pregnancies.

Treating Pelvic Varicose Veins

Pelvic varicose veins come with many symptoms, some of which can be debilitating enough to disrupt your quality of life. Although pelvic varicose veins are rarely life-threatening, they can be uncomfortable. Symptoms of pelvic varicose veins can include

  • Mood Swings 
  • Fatigue
  • Severe pain during menstruation
  • Back pain
  • Vaginal discharge

If you suffer from pelvic varicose veins, our office is happy to help. We offer a minimally invasive procedure called embolization to eliminate unhealthy veins. The procedure eliminates the vein by injecting a solution that causes the diseased vein to collapse and be absorbed by the body slowly. Once this happens, healthy veins replace the diseased vein in circulation, restoring healthy blood flow.

An embolization procedure typically takes around 30 minutes to complete, allowing you to resume normal activities quickly. The results of an embolization procedure can vary, but many patients have a positive response to treatment.

If you want to learn more about embolization for your pelvic varicose veins, please reach out to our office. Schedule a consultation at one of our 3 locations by calling us today at (631) 476-9100.

Why Are My Veins Aching?

woman drinking coffee wearing knitted nordic print poncho sitting home by the window It can be unsettling to experience pain in your veins. Whether the discomfort is mild or severe, it can be worrisome not to know the reason why you’re in pain. Several conditions could be culprits behind your discomfort, and identifying the right one is a crucial first step in your recovery. If you’ve experienced pain in your veins, here are a few possible causes and what you can do to treat them.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency 

The veins are essential in circulating oxygen-rich blood and nutrients throughout the body. Sometimes, the veins struggle to move blood properly, causing it to flow backward toward the extremities, compromising your body’s ability to receive nutrients. This condition is known as Chronic Venous Insufficiency or CVI. Chronic Venous Insufficiency can cause pressure to build in your veins, making them ache, burn, or itch.

CVI requires many lifestyle changes combined with therapy and medications to help restore normal blood flow.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Another condition that can cause trouble is peripheral artery disease. Several factors can contribute to developing peripheral artery disease, which can include

  • Age
  • Injury to the arms or legs
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Atherosclerosis 

PAD can compromise blood flow, causing your organs to miss out on oxygen and essential nutrients. Those who suffer from PAD site pain as one of the significant symptoms that they experience. Typical methods for diagnosing PAD begin with a physical exam from your doctor to assess your symptoms. Next, your doctor may use a doppler flow, angiogram, or other tools to determine if your symptoms are consistent with PAD.

Deep Vein Thrombosis 

Have you had sudden severe headaches and aches in your arms and legs? It could indicate a severe underlying issue called Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT. Deep vein thrombosis symptoms require immediate attention to keep dangerous complications at bay. If left untreated, DVT can lead to 

  • Seizures
  • Abdominal pain
  • Enlarged veins
  • Discolored skin

Many cases of DVT present themselves in patients who have a family history of the condition, and your doctor can perform a series of tests to confirm a diagnosis and design a treatment plan that fits your needs, such as medications and compression therapy.

Do you have questions about your vein health? We would love to help! Please schedule a consultation at any of our three locations by calling us today at (631) 476-9100.

Sclerotherapy Vs. Foam Therapy: Which is Better?

Varicose veins on a legs of woman If you have varicose veins, the is a strong chance that you’re looking for the most effective means to get rid of them. The rise of modern medicine has given rise to many treatments for varicose veins, such as sclerotherapy

Procedures like sclerotherapy consist of methods designed to collapse varicose veins safely and help your body eliminate the vein on its own. But a new form of sclerotherapy called Foam Sclerotherapy has caused a debate among patients that want to know which one is more effective at treating varicose veins. If you’re wondering which treatment is better, here are a few things you should know about each and if one may be the best treatment for you.

How Traditional Sclerotherapy Works

Traditional sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive outpatient procedure designed to help relieve varicose veins. During the procedure, you receive an injection of a solution into the troublesome vein, causing its blood to reroute to other veins. After a few weeks, the vein collapses and eventually fades.

The procedure typically takes under an hour to complete without the need for anesthesia, and you can return home after a short observation period.

How Foam Sclerotherapy Works

Foam sclerotherapy works in a similar way to traditional sclerotherapy, as it also involves injecting a solution into varicose veins. But, there are crucial differences between the two. For instance, foam sclerotherapy involves injecting a foam solution into the vein to reduce its size. Also, foam sclerotherapy is generally used to treat more prominent varicose veins.

Foam sclerotherapy is also completed as an outpatient procedure and can help you get back to your regular activities quickly. 

Which One Works Better?

Based on the severity of your varicose veins, your doctor can help determine which treatment may offer you the most noticeable results. Some people believe that foam sclerotherapy gives them better results because they report rapid improvement of symptoms and feel that varicose veins disappear more quickly. But, it’s worth noting that these results can widely vary and should not be taken as the standard.

Whether treatment is more successful depends on your case, symptoms, and how your body responds to treatment.

A crucial part of finding out what is best for you begins with speaking with a qualified professional. 

Please call our office to learn more about your varicose vein treatment options. Schedule a consultation at one of our 3 locations by calling us at (631) 476-9100.

Tackling Lymphedema

Lymphatic drainage massage LPG apparatus process. Our lymphatic system plays a pivotal role in helping you stay healthy. The lymph nodes comprise part of the lymphatic system and help drain excess fluid from your body. Sometimes, the lymph nodes struggle to reduce the extra liquid, resulting in a debilitating condition called lymphedema. The visible manifestations of the illness can destroy your confidence and take a toll on your body. Here are a few points on how lymphedema starts and what you can do to get your health on track.

How does Lymphedema Start?

Many factors can cause lymphedema to develop. For instance, some cancer treatments involve removing the lymph nodes to help fight the disease but can compromise fluid drainage, resulting in the swelling associated with lymphedema.

Other causes of lymphedema include:

  • Radiation-based cancer treatments
  • Parasitic infections
  • Obesity
  • Kidney disease
  • Venous insufficiency

Symptoms of Lymphedema

How quickly lymphedema develops depends on the person. In some cases, lymphedema develops over time but can progress rapidly in other situations. 

Several signs may indicate the presence of lymphedema, such as thickening skin, swelling in the arms and legs, puffiness, or noticing your extremities are different sizes.

Diagnosing Lymphedema

Your healthcare professional can help determine if lymphedema has caused your symptoms. After a physical exam, your doctor may order tests to get a closer look at your organs by using an 

  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • CT Scan
  • A Lymphoscintigraphy (A test to check for irregularities in the Lymph Nodes)

Your doctor can help find the best testing method for your needs.

Is Lymphedema Dangerous?

As a chronic illness, lymphedema is not usually life-threatening. But, maintaining adequate drainage is essential to managing your symptoms.

You may also need to change your daily routine by avoiding tight clothing, adopting a healthy diet, and getting exercise to help keep fluid moving through your body. But make sure you get your doctor’s advice before starting a new exercise regimen.

How is Lymphedema Treated?

Treatments for lymphedema can vary based on how the condition originates and its progression. For instance, doctors may treat cancer-related lymphedema differently than others. 

Also, elevating the limbs can help resolve mild lymphedema, but more advanced cases require more intense intervention. 

If you have questions about lymphedema treatment, don’t hesitate to call one of our 3 locations. Schedule your consultation with Suffolk Vein and Vascular by calling us at (631) 476-9100.

Preparing For Bypass Surgery

happy smiling dreamy lovely granny hold hands chest The thought of heart surgery can be scary. Uncertainty about the procedure and your life afterward can make for an intimidating idea. But, with preparation, you can help ease your concerns and prepare for a healthy life after your procedure.

Why Bypass Surgery Is Necessary

For many reasons, the arteries surrounding your heart can become clogged with plaque, making it harder for your heart to pump blood through your body. Clogged arteries can have severe consequences on your health, including high blood pressure, heart attacks, and strokes.

Clogged arteries also increase your risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).

CAD can result in symptoms such as:

  • Chest pain
  • Abnormal heart rhythm
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the feet and hands
  • Fatigue

It’s worth noting that some people don’t experience symptoms of CAD in its early stages, but the disease can still progress to lead to a heart attack from the blockage.

How to Prepare

Asking your doctor questions is crucial to ease concerns about bypass surgery. Your doctor can answer your questions and explain the details of your procedure. Also, your doctor gives you a thorough exam to ensure you’re healthy enough for surgery. Along with following your doctor’s advice, there are several steps you can take to prepare. First, quitting smoking before your procedure can help. Chemicals from cigarettes can create fatty deposits in your arteries and contribute to the problem.

Next, make a trip to your dentist. Since heart and oral health share a surprising connection, you may need clearance from your dentist before your procedure. Bacteria from gum disease can create problems for your heart. Your dentist can examine you can write a clearance letter to confirm your oral health.

Also, preparing your family and friends is crucial to aid in your recovery. For the first few weeks after your procedure, you will need help to complete tasks such as cooking, bathing, and changing bandages.

Bypass surgery is an essential tool to help restore your health. Preparing for your procedure can help you deal with concerns before and after surgery. If you want to learn more, please reach out to Suffolk Vein and Vascular. Schedule a consultation today by calling (631) 476-9100 to reach any of our 3 locations.

Can TIA Be Prevented?

doctor team diagnose brain stroke and blood vessels x ray image for analysis Keeping your blood flow in order is crucial to maintaining good health. Your blood flow handles carrying oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to your organs. Compromised blood flow to your brain can have devastating effects on your health. A transient ischemic attack is an interruption in blood flow to your brain. This condition can be sudden and life-threatening. But, several steps can help prevent a transient ischemic attack from happening. Here are the signs you should look for and what you can do to protect yourself.

Is TIA the Same As A Stroke?

Transient ischemic attacks are often called mini-strokes or warning strokes. Both conditions are similar as they both interrupt blood flow to the brain. But, TIA differs from a stroke because the symptoms don’t last as long as a stroke’s symptoms. Also, the blockages that cause TIA are temporary and leave no permanent damage. But, if you’ve suffered from TIA, it could mean that a stroke may happen soon.

What Causes TIA?

A primary cause of a transient ischemic attack is plaque buildup in the arteries. The buildup occurs in the area responsible for delivering oxygen to the brain. Plaque buildup can slow down blood flow and cause a blood clot to form and travel to the brain.

What Are The Symptoms of Tia?

TIA and stroke symptoms are similar. But the difference is TIA symptoms usually resolve after about an hour. Symptoms of TIA can include

  • Slurred speech
  • Loss of balance
  • Paralysis on one side of the body
  • Blindness

Although TIA symptoms don’t last long, you should still seek medical attention immediately.

How Can TIA be Prevented?

Contributors to TIA are poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and regular drinking. One of the most effective ways to avoid TIA is to watch your cardiovascular health.

Lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, drinking less, and a healthy diet can help.

Working with your doctor can help you find the best treatment method to reduce your risk of TIA and stroke.

If you have questions about TIA, Suffolk Vein and Vascular Center can help. We serve the Port Jefferson Station, Hauppauge, and Riverhead areas. Schedule a consultation today by calling us at one of our 3 locations (631) 476-9100 (Port Jefferson Station), (631) 979-0222 (Hauppauge), or (631) 591-9003 (Riverhead).

Treat Your Varicose Veins This Summer

Young girl relaxing at home Unsightly varicose veins can ruin your summer plans. Going out is nerve-wracking If you’re self-conscious about showing your legs. To avoid painful removal procedures, you may think you have to live with varicose veins. But, answers are closer than you think. Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) is a minimally invasive procedure that can improve your quality of life. Here is what EVLT involves and how you can determine if it’s an option for you.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

Our bodies experience many changes as we age. When the valves in your blood vessels are damaged or weakened, blood collects in the vein. As blood pools in the vein, they bulge near the top of the skin, resulting in varicose veins.

How EVLT Treats Varicose Veins

Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) is an outpatient procedure that usually takes less than an hour to complete. EVLT uses a small incision to insert a fiber into affected veins to guide the laser surgery. Next, laser energy seals the damaged vein walls and re-routes the blood that causes varicose veins. With the blood re-routed, circulation improves, and your symptoms start resolving.

How EVLT Benefits You

Some treatments for varicose veins are invasive and have extensive recovery times. EVLT is a short-minimally invasive procedure with little downtime once completed. A local anesthetic makes the surgery 

 painless, and most patients report immediate symptom relief.


After the procedure, you can get back to your regular activities immediately. However, you’ll have to take measures to ensure long-term results. You should avoid:

  • Standing or sitting for long periods
  • Heavy lifting
  • Strenuous activities
  • Hot baths

Risks of EVLT

Every procedure has the potential for risks, and EVLT is no exception. The chances of complications after an EVLT procedure, but risks can include:

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Scarring
  • Infection
  • Bruising
  • And others

Is EVLT Right For You?

If you have varicose veins and are considering EVLT, talk to one of our professionals. Suffolk Vein & Vascular serves the Riverhead, Port Jefferson Station, and Hauppauge areas. Call any of our offices today at (631) 591-9003 (Riverhead), (631) 476-9100 (Port Jefferson Station), and (631) 979-0222 (Hauppauge) to schedule an appointment.

I Have Spider Veins. Should I Be Worried?

Spider veins on the womans legs sclerotherapy treatment Most people don’t think about their vascular health until they notice something that worries them. Then it’s hard to stop thinking about it.

If you’ve developed spider veins, you might wonder if you did something wrong or if they’re a warning sign of a more serious condition. While spider vends tend to be harmless, if they appear in a highly visible area or are painful or irritating, the concern grows into anxiety.

The short answer: you have nothing to worry about. Here, we’ll discuss what they are, how they form, and our recommended treatments.

What Are Spider Veins?

Spider veins are small, thin blood vessels that rise to the surface of the skin and are easy to see as a result. They tend to look like strands of spiderwebs or tree branches and are much darker and more prominent than most veins.

They are very common; nearly half of all American adults develop spider veins. Even though they’re common, they can still cause anxiety.

Backflow of blood from damaged vessels (called “venous reflux”) causes spider veins. Since the valves don’t work as well, blood builds up in the vessels and makes them swell beyond their normal boundaries.

Aging, changes in hormones, obesity, and a lack of exercise all increase the risk of spider vein development, as can exposure to sunlight and an existing family history of spider veins.

How Are Spider Veins Treated?

Non-surgical spider vein treatments are ideal compared to many other medical procedures. They are very effective, go no deeper than the surface of the skin, and require minimal recovery time. Spider veins can be treated in several ways.

Compression stockings around the affected limb put pressure on the veins, which reduces their swelling and forces blood through the valves at a normal rate. While these sleeves don’t remove the veins themselves but do improve their symptoms.

In sclerotherapy, your doctor injects a solution that collapses the swollen spider veins. The body absorbs the destroyed veins into the body and automatically redirects blood flow. A single treatment takes about an hour, and most patients only require 2-4 treatments.

Laser probe treatment and surgical vein removal are also options.

How Can I Prevent Spider Veins?

Ultimately, there’s no way to prevent them entirely. But weight loss, exercise, support stockings, and wearing flat, comfortable shoes help reduce your risk.

Frequent leg movements also help, especially when sitting or standing in one place for long periods of time. This is especially helpful if you work a job at a desk, and don’t get the chance to move around very often.

Foam Sclerotherapy Aftercare Tips

Varicose veins on a female legs. If you have a problem with varicose veins, you may have chosen to have foam sclerotherapy to reduce or eliminate their appearance on your body. This procedure is non-invasive because it uses ultrasound to help guide the foam used to close the veins. 

The process will cause them to shrink and become less noticeable. In some cases, sclerotherapy may result in the veins disappearing completely.

Being non-invasive, some patients can return to their normal activities the same day as the procedure. However, as with any medical procedure you have done, there can be issues you will have to deal with afterward. The importance of caring for yourself is key to having a desirable recovery.

Avoid Hot Water

You will want to refrain from taking a hot bath or shower after your procedure. In addition, patients should avoid sitting in a sauna or a hot tub. Hot water can cause your skin to exfoliate, leading to some serious skin irritation after foam sclerotherapy. It can also lead to clogged pores, which could cause infections later.


If you must exercise after your foam sclerotherapy, you should limit it to walking. Vigorous exercise or jogging will cause you to produce a lot of sweat. That can carry bacteria to the treated area, which may lead to skin irritation at the least and infection at the worst. You will be able to go back to your regular exercise regimen in 24 to 48 hours.


Any medical procedure could lead to a mild amount of pain. If you experience any, you should avoid over-the-counter medications such as Ibuprofen. Some of these drugs can cause an excess of bruising or bleeding. If you have pain following your procedure, let us know, and we will be able to give you medication that can help without causing worse side effects.

We Can Help

If you have decided that foam sclerotherapy is the course of treatment you want, we would be excited to help you. At Suffolk Vascular and Vein Center, founded by Dr. Robert M. Pollina, we have a team of specialists focused on helping our patients reach their goals to attain their dream appearance. Call us at 613-203-2284 for a consultation and let us help you get on the way to a new you.

Do I Really Need an Ultrasound of My Veins?

ultrasound of the veins of a patient with varicose veins People who visit a vein or vascular specialist for varicose veins may be encouraged to have an ultrasound done. This form of imaging is the gold standard in diagnostic care for varicose veins because, without special imaging, the doctor has no way to truly evaluate veins using observation. An ultrasound exam provides a comprehensive, very detailed map of the veins in the lower extremities. We don’t just see the veins, but we see their size, where they branch off, and where they are interconnected. Using ultrasound imaging, the specialist can evaluate how well the valves in the veins are working. The imaging, because it shows real-time motion, can identify whether or not there is reflux happening. Venous reflux is a major contributor to varicose veins. It involves the backup of blood where a valve has stopped functioning properly. Ultrasound can also show if a vein if blocked or if a blood clot has developed.

How Does Ultrasound Work?

Ultrasound imaging is a non-invasive test and is painless, safe, and efficient. Ultrasound creates images via the use of high-frequency sound waves. These sound waves are not heard during the exam. They travel through the body and meet structures in the target area. In this case, ultrasound waves meet the veins. This meeting causes a change in the frequency of the sound waves, resulting in an image that is displayed on a computer screen.  Vein specialists often rely on ultrasound to accurately diagnose venous insufficiency. People with spider veins, itching, aching, or swelling of the ankles or legs, discoloration of the skin on the leg or ankle, or slight bulging of varicose veins tend to be excellent candidates for venous ultrasound.

What Can I Expect at My Leg Ultrasound?

Venous ultrasounds on the legs usually take 30 to 45 minutes. To observe the veins, the doctor or technician applies a water-soluble gel on the skin of the target area. They then place a handheld device against the skin and move it across the area being studied. The device emits sound waves, which are directed inward by the gel. The ultrasound exam may include imaging both when you are standing and when you are lying down. This improves image quality in three ways. The change in position gives the best access to all veins in the target area. It shows changes in blood flow through different positions, and it evaluates the efficacy of the calf muscle pump, an integral aspect of good blood flow out of the legs. During a venous ultrasound, the technician may also apply compression to the leg to observe how blood flow changes as a result.

Preparing for Lower Extremity Ultrasound

There are a few things that patients can do to make their lower extremity ultrasound comfortable and efficient. These include:

  • Drink plenty of water before the appointment. Hydration maximizes peak patterns and rates of blood flow for the exam.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing. This will make it easier to move onto and off of the table.
  • Do not apply lotion or other products to the legs on the day of the exam. This may interfere with the ultrasound gel.

How Does Ultrasound Help Plan Vein Treatment?

Ultrasound imaging is an essential aspect of vein treatment. The images show the doctor where the venous reflux is happening, the vein or veins that are involved, and their precise location. Imaging shows the doctor if the problem is related to venous reflux or a blood clot, each of which requires a unique course of treatment. Using the data obtained through ultrasound, the doctor can confidently make treatment recommendations. At Suffolk Vascular & Vein, we perform the following vein treatments:

  • Sclerotherapy
  • Endovenous radiofrequency ablation
  • Endovenous laser ablation
  • Ambulatory phlebectomy

Having a venous ultrasound does not obligate you to receive the treatment that is recommended. What this screening does is help you understand exactly what is happening to cause uncomfortable symptoms and it helps your doctor provide you with the most accurate information regarding your condition and how it may be treated. Contact us to schedule a visit at one of our three New York locations.

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